Heartburn is an uncomfortable burning sensation in the chest, pain may start in the chest area and into the throat, neck and jaw. The pain usually gets worse when the patient is lying down or bending, and more common immediately after a meal. The condition is medically known as pyrosis or acid indigestion disorders. Heartburn is part of a symptom of GERD (reflux disease Gastoesophageal), GERD is a condition when the stomach contents turned or climbed up toward the throat and / or mouth. Perceived symptoms such as heartburn, regurgitation (spit), nausea, vomiting, chronic cough and difficult / painful swallowing. Even if the vocal cords can cause hoarseness or enter the lungs and cause aspiration (liquid entering the lungs).
Not only heartburn, common symptoms of GERD include:
- Abdominal pain especially upper part or heartburn
- Chest pain
- Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) or food feels stuck in throat
- Painful swallowing (odynophagia)
- Sore throat
- Persistent cough, or asthma attacks at night
- Spit food / beverage, sour throat
- Chronic Sinusitis
- Waking up from sleep with a choking feeling
GERD is generally not cause serious complications, but there are some complications that can occur such as esophageal ulcers (sores in the lining / mucosa of the esophagus), stricture of the esophagus, lung and throat disorders and Barrett's esophagus. GERD Treatment depends on the severity of the disease.
Patients with mild symptoms:
- Lose weight for patients with more weight or fat
- Elevate the head while sleeping about 6 inches (15 cm), not the supine position after meals and avoid eating 2 to 3 hours before bedtime
- Avoid foods or drinks that stimulate stomach acid, such as caffeine, chocolate, alcohol, peppermint, fatty foods
- Stop smoking. Smoking reduces the amount of saliva that are useful to neutralize stomach acid. In addition, smoking reduces LES pressure and stimulate the cough
- Avoid large meals and eating late
- Avoid tight clothes
- Chew gum or candy that can increase the amount of saliva
Another ways for heartburn remedies
- Eat small meals but often, avoid lots of eating or overeating.
- Try snacking in between meals. Do it slowly, do not rush.
- Try not to drink with a meal together. Instead drink plenty of fluids between meals.
- Try to identify which foods cause heartburn disorder, then reduce the portions in the food list.
- Beware of sharp spicy and oily food.
- Do not lie down after eating.
- Eat papaya fruit after a meal. You can consume directly or made juice, or in tablet form.
- Consuming yogurt, cream, or milk.
- Chew almonds.
- Sit and stand up straight. Use a comfortable chair to enforce backs and make stomach comfort.
- If stomach pain is so disturbing, consume drugs to relieve heartburn complaints.
Do not ignore the symptoms, because if left untreated, chronic acid reflux can increase risk of throat infections, ulcers, sores in the esophagus or a pre-cancerous condition (Barrett's esophagus). Immediately do the treatment if the disease recur. And more importantly, women have a greater risk than men affected by heartburn. The symptoms can arise during pregnancy and the days before that period. In addition, extra weight, or obesity also contribute to the risk factor. Obesity puts pressure on the sphincter muscle that trigger a rise in acid.
Although not all people experience, a burning sensation in your stomach mostly is a symptom of acid reflux disease (excess stomach acid). Some are just having trouble swallowing or coughing up blood. Acid reflux occurs when the sphincter muscle (the muscle connecting the esophagus and stomach) are in a relaxed state at the wrong time, and remain open for a long time. This allows stomach acid to flow, and back into the esophagus.
Symptoms of stomach acid present in women often resemble symptoms of a heart attack. Both of these symptoms indicate pain in the chest. In contrast with heartburn, cardiac symptoms that may occur usually in the form of sweating, nausea, chest pain radiating from the neck to the left shoulder, heartburn after eating, and having a family with a history of heart attack.